Sanskrit IAST Transliteration (HK) Keyboard Help

 

This is a phonetic keyboard for writing Sanskrit with the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST)  based on the Harvard-Kyoto input system. Instead of diacritics, capital letters are mainly used to enter characters that do not have a corresponding letter in Latin script. This reduces the keystrokes.

The keyboard is mnemonic instead of positional, which means it works on all language keyboards regardless of the placement of the letters.

Common vedic svaras are also available. For this, a Unicode Font which supports transliterated Letters and Vedic svaras like URW Palladio ITU (designed by Herrmann Zapf and edited by Ulrich Stiehl) is necessary.                

 

Vowels

 

Simple Vowels

IAST

a

ā

i

ī

u

ū

Devanāgarī

अ/

आ/ा

इ/ि

ई/ी

उ/ु

ऊ/ु

ऋ/ृ

ॠ/ॄ

ऌ/ॢ

ॡ/ॣ

Input

a

aa or A

i

ii or I

U

uu or U

R

RR

L

LL

 

Diphthongs

IAST

e

o

ai

au

Devanāgarī

ए/े

ओ/ो

ऐ/ै

औ/ौ

Input

e

o

ai

au

To get separate untransliterated vowels, press [ ESC ] after the first vowel, e.g. [ a ] +[ ESC ] + [ a ]  would result in aa, not ā! .

To get uppercase transliterated vowels, press the equal sign key [ = ] after having entered the transliterated character e.g. [ U ] + [ = ]  generates Ū.

To get untransliterated uppercase characters out of uppercase keys used for transliterated characters, press the same key again. E.g. [ A ] + [ A ] generates A.

 

Consonants

 

Gutturals/ kaṇṭhyāḥ

IAST

k

kh

g

gh

Devanāgarī

क्

ख्

ग्

घ्

ङ्

Input

k

kh

g

gh

G

Palatals/ tālavyāḥ

IAST

c

ch

j

jh

ñ

Devanāgarī

च्

छ्

ज्

झ्

ञ्

Input

c

ch

j

jh

J

Cerebrals/mūrdhanyāḥ

IAST

ṭh

ḍh

Devanāgarī

ट्

ठ्

ड्

ढ्

ङ्

Input

T

Th

D

Dh

N

Dentals/dantyāḥ

IAST

t

th

d

dh

n

Devanāgarī

त्

थ्

द्

ध्

न्

Input

t

th

d

dh

n

Labials /oṣṭhyāḥ

IAST

p

ph

b

bh

m

Devanāgarī

प्

फ्

ब्

भ्

म्

Input

p

ph

b

bh

m

Aproximants /antasthāḥ/haṇ

IAST

h

y

r

l

v

Devanāgarī

ह्

य्

र्

ल्

व्

Input

h

y

r

l

v

Frictatives

IAST

 

ś

s

 

Devanāgarī

 

श्

ष्

स्

 

Input

 

Z or sh

S

s

 

Consonantal allophones

IAST

visargaḥ

anusvāraḥ

(1) candrabindhuḥ

(2) candrabindhuḥ

̐ (3)
combining candrabindhuḥ

Devanāgarī

Input

H

M

MM

mM

~

(1) This transliterated candrabinduḥ only works with URW Palladio ITU font!
(2) This transliterated candrabinduḥ is a comnination of m with U+0310 and the candrabinduḥ is not always in the middle of the m depending on the font!
(3) This is a combining candrabinduḥ, which can be joined with any other character.

 

To get uppercase transliterated consonants, press the equal sign key [ = ] after having entered the transliterated character e.g. [ ṭ ] +  [ = ] generates Ṭ.

To get untransliterated uppercase characters out of uppercase keys used for transliterated characters, press the same key again. E.g. [ T ] + [ T ] generates T. [ M ] + [ M ] + [ M ] generates M.

To get doubled transliterated consonants, press [ ESC ] between the consonant-combinations, e.g. [ Z ] + [ ESC ] + [ Z ] would result in śś instead of Z.

 

Punctuation / Vedic characters

 

Special characters

marks


long hyphen


root/dhātuḥ

 

 

input

--^

VV

 

 

Vedic svaras / characters

marks/
character

̱
combining macron below U+0331

̍
combining vertical line above U+030D

̎
devanagari double svarita sign U+030E

 

#
number sign or hash

"
quotation mark


vedic cerebral ḻ

input

_

# or "

# # or " "

 

###

" " "
quotation mark

x